Va invit aici sa vorbim despre stereotipuri si rolul femeii in comparatie cu cel al barbatului.
De asemenea sa va expuneti parerea daca clasa sociala influenteaza rolul femeii in comparatie cu cel al barbatului.
Before answering to this question I am going to start by introducing you to what I feel are the most appropriate definitions to social class and gender role.
On the one hand, “people in similar positions, grow similar in their thinking and lifestyle, they form a pattern, and this pattern creates social class.” Dennis Gilbert, “The American Class Structure”, 1998
On the other hand, gender role refers to "The set of arrangements by which a society transforms biological sexuality into products of human activity, and in which these transformed needs are satisfied" (Reiter 1975: 159).
First of all, gender roles are closely linked with gender stereotypes. Stereotypes are over generalized beliefs about people based on their membership in one of many social categories. Gender stereotypes vary on four dimensions: traits, role behaviors, physical characteristics, and occupations. For example, whereas men are more likely to be perceived as aggressive and competitive, women are more likely to be viewed as passive and cooperative. Traditionally, men have been viewed as financial providers, whereas women have been viewed as caretakers. Physical characteristics and occupations have also been considered consistent or inconsistent with masculine or feminine roles.
Secondly, a privileged status in the society related to wealth always meant more opportunities. A lot of people qualify for being a president, both men and women, but only few have the financial means to run a political campaign. At 2008 presidential election an interesting thing happened, the voters had to choose between Hillary Clinton (representing the gender bias) and Barack Obama (representing the racial bias). The result was that people were able to overcome the racial bias over the gender bias. In the surveys made, the majority of the people said they would vote for a female president but when they were asked whether they think a woman can do a good job as a president, more than half of the people questioned answered no. And the result of the election was concordant with the result of the surveys. Moreover, Hope Landrine (1999) asserts that although race and social class may not be mentioned when inquiring about gender stereotypes, most people will make assumptions about these categories. Her research suggests that when race and social classes are specified, different gender stereotypes emerge.
Furthermore, recent studies on social classes reveal that working middle class emphasizes gender roles while professional upper class has a more egalitarian distribution between men and women. One explanation for it is believed to be the fact that college life delays marriage and encourages informal, relatively egalitarian association between men and women.